Monor Wine Cellar Village
Monor lies approximately 30 km from Budapest. It is situated in the meeting zone of Gödöllő-Monor Hills and the Great Hungarian Plain. Tradition holds that its highest point, Strázsahegy (190m) received its name ("Watchout Hill") when during the Turkish rule the inhabitants watched the surroundings from here to protect the village from the looting Turkish soldiers. Of course, it is an exaggeration to call Strázsahegy a "hill" or even a "hillock", yet it is one of the Southernmost points of Gödöllő-Monor hills, the North Hungarian Mountains, and, what is more, of the Northwest Carpathians.
As evidenced by contemporary documents, Monor has a tradition of grape and wine production that goes back for centuries. It is estimated that the first vineyards were created after 1446, when the Catholic Church Council of Eger took over the possession of Monor. On the hill of a clayey and loessy soil of Strázsahegy, the cellars for wine storage were dug with hand. In many cases, wine press houses were constructed in front of the cellars.
Presently, Strázsahegy is a cellar village of more than 960 wine cellars (cellar village map) which is unique in Hungary and in Europe alike. As a whole, the wine cellar village has a unified appearance yet its cellars fall into six categories or types. The majority of the wine cellars are not open for the public yet there more and more of them are prepared for serving the demands of wine tourism and offering high-quality catering services. The total area of the Monor Wine Cellar Village is approximately 180 hectares. The territory is highly variegated, with vineyards, orchards, arable lands, wine cellars and wine press houses. The majority of the wine grape varieties are of traditional vine cultivation (e.g. Kadar, Tótfekete, Mézes, Ezerjó, etc.). There are, however, several fine vineyards of modern varieties with cordon cultivation. In good harvest year, these varieties yield excellent wines, Widespread wine grape varieties include: Rizling (Riezling), Rizlingszilváni (Müller Thurgau), Rajnai Rizling (Rhineriesling), Kékfrankos (Blaufrankisch), Zweigelt.
The Thousand Cellars trail of viticulture and oenology was created to ensure that guests of the cellar village may gain experience of gastronomy and wine tourism at the same time, and, during a walk, may see the beauty and the special local features of our cellar village, and may have an insight into Hungary's tradition of grape and wine production. The tables along the two trails give information on Hungary in general and the cellar village in particular; those interested may take either or both of the trails.